HomePhilippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgeryvol. 27 no. 1 (2012)

Primary Thyroid Lymphoma

Claudine Ann Musngi-paras | Ansarie P. Salpin | Januario D. Veloso

 

Abstract:

Eight cases of primary thyroid lymphoma were reported in a tertiary government hospital from January 2005 to August 2011. All patients presented with a diffuse enlargement of both thyroid lobes with associated obstructive symptoms. Five of these cases were extranodal marginal zone lymphoma and three were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Clinical features that would favor a thyroid lymphoma include tumor size of greater than 7 cm, obstructive symptoms, clinical hypothyroidism or history of Hashimoto thyroiditis. Thus, these features must be considered in evaluating thyroid nodules during fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Histologically, extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma shows vaguely nodular to diffuse infiltrates of small to intermediate size atypical lymphoid cells infiltrating the thyroid follicles while diffuse large B-cell lymphoma shows sheets of large atypical lymphoid cells infiltrating the thyroid follicular epithelium.