There are several reasons why the Maranaos are perceived as security risk (Cojuangco 2007) to the country. One main reason is their continuous fight against the government as they push for certain reforms that relate to ancestral land, livelihood, leadership, education, employment, and justice system, among others. The national security implications are not purely religious. Rather, they are socio-cultural, economic, and political in nature that until now has been left unaddressed by the national government. When people feel deprived of basic rights, conflict is most likely to ensue.