This study was conducted to identify the influential factors that affect the learner’s involvement in Alternative Learning System (ALS) programs in the Division of Cagayan de Oro City. To gather relevant data, a validated researcher-made questionnaire based on the findings of other research publications, thesis, journals, and books was used in the survey and focused group discussion (FGD) was conducted to support and validate the findings. Descriptive analysis results reveal that employment and poverty is the most perceiving factor in learner’s participation. However, acknowledging some constraints on educational system-related and learner’s behavioral issues. A suggested plan was created to conduct education cum livelihood, entrepreneurial, or other relevant skills training to improve the learners’ participation in ALS programs. The researchers mentioned performing an action research to deal with the challenges related to ALS educational system, improving ALS facilities, and give interventions for behavioral issues.