This descriptive correlational research was conducted to determine the relationship between pedagogical practices and research competence among Social Science teachers in the Schools Division of Iloilo. Forty-four (44) teachers were involved as respondents in the study through multistage sampling. A researcher-made questionnaire was utilized. Descriptive data analysis using means, standard deviations, frequency count, and percentage were utilized. The t-test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and Pearson’s r were utilized for inferential statistics with an alpha level of 0.05. The findings of the study described “Very High” level of pedagogical practices and “Low” and “Moderate” on the level of research competence of forty-four (44) Social Science teachers in the Schools Division of Iloilo when classified as to age, sex, marital status, educational qualification and length of service. On the other hand, findings revealed no significant difference in the levels of pedagogical practices and levels of research competence as to variables. Pearson r results revealed no significant relationship between pedagogical practices and research competence as to variables in the study. Thus, a continuing development program was the output based on the findings of the study.