HomeLAMDAGvol. 11 no. 1 (2020)


Mary Clarisse Anne P. Ronquillo



This study compared the two forms of Filipino proverbs which are the classical proverbs and contemporary proverbs. Basically, the two forms of proverbs are equated based on the period of time it emerged as part of the Philippine literature. The two form of Filipino proverbs are differentiated through analyzing its’ textual and contextual content. The textual criticism includes meter, rhyme and type of language while the contextual criticism includes the subject, theme and social condition of the content. The comparison of the classical proverbs and contemporary proverbs was cited from the theory of Deconstruction. In addition, the study used the descriptive method and the respondents were secondary teachers who teach Filipino subjects. The research instruments were interview questionnaire and focus group discussion. The findings demonstrated that the textual forms of the classical and contemporary proverbs are still similar according to its meter and rhyme. However, the type of language of contemporary proverbs varies from formal and informal while the classical proverbs have mainly formal level of language which are lingua franca and literary. Findings also revealed that the context of both proverbs varies according to its subjects, theme and social condition it depicts. Nevertheless, the context of contemporary proverbs dominantly describes social issues of which the present generation can reflect on. With the comparison of classical proverbs and contemporary proverbs, it can be concluded that integrating the classical and contemporary proverbs in teaching literature and good manners and right conduct (GMRC) will be an effective tool in strengthening good Filipino traits as well as honing good manners.