HomePhilippine Journal of Counseling Psychologyvol. 21 no. 1 (2019)

Exploring Assertiveness of Filipino Late Adolescents and Late Adults

Diane Marie U. Consolacion | Jose Alberto S. Reyes | Rene M. Nob



This study examined the developmental nuances in the manifestation of assertiveness and its social desirability among late adolescents and late adults. A total of 219 late adolescents and 102 late adults from different institutions responded to a survey questionnaire developed using the top 20 exemplar situations derived from an earlier study. Results of Factorial ANOVA showed a significant interaction effect of developmental stage and the generated situations on engagement in assertiveness, F(1,319)=66.86, p<.001). Pairwise comparison further indicated that late adolescents engage in late adolescent-generated situations (M=28.59, SD=5.25) more than late adult-generated situations (M=25.60, SD=5.01). However, late adults showed no significant difference in endorsing late adolescentgenerated situations (M=29.54, SD=7.26) and late adult-generated situations (M=30.19, SD=6.74). There was a significant interaction effect between the two factors on social desirability judgments of assertiveness, F(1,319)=20.54, p<.001). Late adolescents viewed late adolescentgenerated situations (M=30.06, SD=5.86) as more socially desirable compared to late adult-generated situations (M=28.86, SD=5.73), whereas late adults view late adult generated-situations (M=30.16, SD=7.61) as more socially desirable than late adolescent-generated situations (M=29.44, SD=7.61).