HomePsychology and Education: A Multidisciplinary Journalvol. 9 no. 2 (2023)

Teachers’ Job Satisfaction and Teaching Commitment: A New Normal Perspective

Jordan Apawan | Gerly Rote | Luland Rote

Discipline: Education

 

Abstract:

During COVID-19 pandemic, teachers played a very significant yet risky role in making the education in the country continuously running. Facing this enormous challenge caused by the pandemic, teachers’ job satisfaction and teaching commitment contribute much in the success of instructional delivery. This study was conducted to assess the level of job satisfaction and teaching commitment or teachers during the new normal situation and to determine the association of the identified variables. A descriptive-correlational research design was employed and a researchersdesigned questionnaire which was administered among 153 teacher – respondents was been utilized as the data gathering instrument. The frequency count and percentage distribution, mean and standard deviation, and Pearson’s r are the statistical tools utilized. The results of the study indicated that even in a very challenging health situation, teachers still have a very high job satisfaction in terms of their (a) responsibilities and (b) community attachment. In the same manner, they also hold a very high commitment in term of their (a) profession and (b) teaching and learning are concerned. This study also revealed a significant relationship (p<0.05) between teachers’ level of job satisfaction and their teaching commitment.



References:

  1. Akinwale, A. S. &amp; Okotoni, C. A. (2019). Assessment of Job Commitment of Secondary School Teachers in Osun State, Nigeria. PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences, 4(3), 1553-1572.
  2. Altun, M., (2017). “The Effects of Teacher Commitment on Student Achievement: A Case Study in Iraq,” International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 7(11), pages 417- 426, November.
  3. Aziri B., (2011). JOB SATISFACTION: A LITERATURE REVIEW MANAGEMENT RESEARCH AND PRACTICE VOL. 3 ISSUE 4 (2011) PP: 77-86.
  4. Cox, J. (2017). Professional Commitment in a Teaching Profession. https://www.teachhub.com/professional-development/2017/11/professional-commitment-in-the-teaching-profession/#:~:text=They%20feel%20a%20devotion%20to,unique%20teaching%20methods%20and%20techniques.
  5. Crisci et al., (2019). What influences teachers’ job satisfaction and how to improve, develop and reorganize the school activities associated with them. Qual Quant 53, 2403–2419 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-018-0749-y
  6. Education International (2011). Policy Paper on Education: Building the Future through Quality Education. As adopted by the 6th EI World Congress Cape Town 2011.
  7. Education International. (2015). THE STATUS OF TEACHERS AND THE TEACHING PROFESSION A STUDY OF EDUCATION UNIONS’ PERSPECTIVES [Ebook] (pp. 14,15, 49). Education International Research Institute. Retrieved 6 March 2020, from https://download.eiie.org/Docs/WebDepot/The%20Status%20of%20Teachers%20and%20the%20Teaching%20Profession.pdf.
  8. Ghavifekr, S. and Pillai, N.S., (2016). The relationship between school’s organizational climate and teacher’s job satisfaction: Malaysian experience. Asia Pacific Educ. Rev. 17, 87–106 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12564-015-9411-8
  9. Hancock, C. B., &amp; Scherff, L. (2010). Who will stay and who will leave? Predicting secondary English teacher attrition risk. Journal of Teacher Education, 61, 328e338.
  10. Hargreaves, L. and Flutter, J. (2013). The Status of Teachers and the Teaching Profession: A desk-study for Education International. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Education, University of Cambridge, UK.
  11. Herzberg, F. (2005). Motivation-hygiene theory. Organizational behavior one: Essential theories of motivation and leadership, eds JB Miner, ME Sharpe Inc, New York, 61-74.
  12. Juneja, P. (2018). Herzbergs Two-Factor Theory of Motivation. Managementstudyguide.com. Retrieved 10 March 2020, from https://managementstudyguide.com/herzbergs-theory-motivation.htm.
  13. Klassen, R. and Chiu, M., (2011). The occupational commitment and intention to quit of practicing and pre-service teachers: Influence of self-efficacy, job stress, and teaching context. University of Alberta, Department of Educational Psychology, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G5. State University of New York at Buffalo, Graduate School of Education, 564 Baldy Hall, Buffalo, NY 14260, United States
  14. Kuijk, A. (2018). What is the Herzberg Two Factor Theory of Motivation? | ToolsHero. toolshero. Retrieved 3 April 2020, from https://www.toolshero.com/psychology/two-factor-theory-herzberg/.
  15. Kyara, T. E., (2013). “The effect of primary school teachers’ job satisfaction on their work performance in Kinondoni District, Tanzania,” M. Ed. Thesis Presented to the Open University of Tanzania. 
  16. Leschied et al., (2013). “Teachers-the vital resource: The contribution of emotional intelligence to teacher efficacy and well-being,” Canadian Journal of School Psychology, vol. 28(1), pp. 71-89, 2013.
  17. Osagie, C. (2018). “STRESSORS, EFFECTS AND COPING STRATEGIES AMONG TEACHERS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDO STATE, NIGERIA.” International Journal of Research - Granthaalayah, 6(9), 137-147. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1436784.
  18. Rodriguez, P., 2019. 5 ways teachers can battle demoralization. https://priscarodriguez.wpcomstaging.com/2019/03/17/5-ways-teachers-can-battle-demoralization/
  19. Pilarta, M. A. B., (2015). “JOB SATISFACTION AND TEACHERS’ PERFORMANCE IN ABRA STATE INSTITUTE OF SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY,” GLOBAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT AND BUSINESS RESEARCH, VOL. 15(4), PP. 81- 85.
  20. Qazi, A. G., Mustafa, M. Y., Mtenzi, F. J., &amp; Valcke, M. (2023). Mobile Technology as an Alternative Teaching Strategy Amidst COVID-19 Hiatus: Exploring Pedagogical Possibilities and Implications for Teacher Development. Education Sciences, 13(4), 385. MDPI AG. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/educsci13040385
  21. Romero, G., &amp; Bantigue, N. (2017). JOB SATISFACTION LEVEL OF K TO 12 TEACHERS UTILIZING MULTIPLE STATISTICAL TOOLS | Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research. Retrieved 21 November 2020, from https://apiar.org.au/journal-paper/job- satisfaction-level-of-k-to-12-teachers-utilizing-multiple-statistical-tools/
  22. Santoro, D. (2011). Good Teaching in Difficult Times: Demoralization in the Pursuit of Good Work. American Journal of Education, 118(1), 1-23. doi:10.1086/662010
  23. ┼×emin, F. K., (2019). “Competencies of principals in ensuring sustainability education: teachers’ views,” International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, vol. 8(2), pp. 201- 2012.
  24. Skaalvik, E. M., &amp; Skaalvik, S., (2011). Teacher job satisfaction and motivation to leave the teaching profession: relations with school context, feeling of belonging, and emotional exhaustion. Teaching and Teacher Education, 27, 1029e1038.
  25. Stangor, C. (2011). Research methods for the behavioural sciences (4th ed.). Mountain View, CA: Cengage
  26. Van Houtte, M. and Van Maele, D., (2012). The role of teacher and faculty trust in forming teachers’ job satisfaction: Do years of experience make a difference? Ghent University, Department of Sociology, Research Group CuDOS, Korte Meer 3e5, 9000 Ghent
  27. Verger, A., Altinyelken, H. K., De Koning, M. (2013). Global Managerial Education Reforms and Teachers: Emerging policies, controversies and issues in developing countries. Brussels: Education International
  28. Werang et al., (2017). Pure, “Factors influencing teacher absenteeism in the remote elementary schools of Indonesia: Empirical proof from Southern Papua,” International Journal of Management in Education, vol. 11(3), pp. 223–247.