Carcinoma of the cervix is a major public health problem throughout the world. It is the second most common malignancy among women worldwide, and, the most common cancer in women. Evidence from epidemiological studies coupled with recent advanced molecular biology findings have established a strong causal association between infection by certain serotypes of sexually transmitted human papilloma virus (HPV) and cervical cancer. The virus exerts greater effects during periods of rapid metaplasia in the cervical epithelium. Therefore, certain sexual behaviours are known to predispose to cancer of the cervix.