HomeIAMURE International Journal of Educationvol. 3 no. 1 (2013)

Typology-Based QA for Philippine Higher Education Institutions: Through the Fabric of Instruction, Research and Extension Functions of HEI’s

Donnie C. Bacud



To CHED’s credit, the proposed two-dimensional approach to Quality Assurance in higher education is the first comprehensive, detailed and well-studied document for ensuring quality in Philippine higher education. The paper attempts to simplify the conceptual presentation of the two-dimensional (horizontal and vertical typologies) quality assurance space of HEIs to better appreciate the beauty and logic of the approach. The simplification highlights the shift from pure quality control (QC) perspective to a more comprehensive quality assurance (QA) view of managing quality in higher education. Underlying the QA system is the radical shift towards Competency-Based curriculum for all higher education programs. The system is shown to lead to four (4) distinctive outcomes in Philippine higher education: (1.) clarification of roles of Universities, Colleges and Professional Institutes, (2.) motivation to gain prestige and status through the vertical typologies (regulated, deregulated and autonomous), (3.) production of competent graduates, and (4.) efficient and effective higher education system that can globally compete. The paper ends with some Technical, Administrative, Political and Economic challenges that the new system may encounter.