The library personnel’s position classification and compensation scheme in the government higher institutions are based on the level of education, preparation, training, work experience, and performance of the job. In this context, the study sought to determine the specific factors which greatly affected to the respondents’ positions held and salaries they received in Lanao Areas of the Southern Philippines and how they correlated to their motivational needs. To elicit the respondents’ background information, a researcher made instrument was utilized. Further, a Self-Descriptive Inventory which consisted of sixty-four pairs of adjectives to describe the traits associated with leadership was also utilized as research instrument. The scoring keys led to the interpretation of the motivational needs specifically on achievement, self-actualization, power, security, and financial reward. In one hand, this study also employed the descriptive-correlation method of research and the following statistical techniques: frequency and percentage computations, average weighted mean, and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The results revealed that the respondents were satisfied to their positions held but dissatisfied to their compensation scheme. It also yielded that the respondents’ motivational needs were affected or influenced largely by their age, training programs attended, positions held in the library, years of experience, performance evaluation, tasks performed and accountability as well as by their position classification and compensation scheme.