The common cause of persistent vertigo is affective in 2.4% of the universal population. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is produced when calcium carbonate material originating from the macula of the utricle falls into one of the semicircular canals. Due to their density relative to the endolymph, they move in response to gravity and activate excitation of the ampullary nerve of the exaggerated canal. This, in turn, produces a burst of vertigo connected with nystagmus unique to that canal. Recognition of this condition is important not only to avert expensive and often unnecessary testing, but also to easily, rapidly, and effectively treatment 90% of cases. Two well-established methods of treating BPPV form the basis for this project. By making people conscious of the phenomenon, helping them to cognitive choices, and brining awareness in humans and finding the symptoms and proactive measures to diminish the risk of positional vertigo. In forms of vertigo, where the inner ear has suffered damage and the function of that ear is fixed, not changing over time, physical therapy and behavioral therapy can be quite helpful. When the inner ear is damaged, people commonly experience severe spinning for several days. If after several weeks the person still has a loss of balance, then physical therapy can help restore this balance. The reason physical therapy and behavioral therapy are helpful to train the brain to compensate for the loss of function in the ear. Just as we can make a muscle stronger by exercising it, you can make the balance system in the brain work better by exercising it. The paper gives indispensable knowledge and understanding of vertigo and its effective treatment techniques.