HomeScientific Augustinianvol. 12 no. 1 (2022)

Knowledge, Attitude, and Awareness of New Mothers Towards Newborn Screening in a Municipality in Iloilo

Zesil Gay Gelle | NI Agullana | YT Alamario | AM Altar | CA Altura | DC Andrade | KM Arabaca | AM Ardiente | J Arroyal | KH Badiana | ME Bayatan | Jose Perez | JJ Jamili | MB Palec | AM Daguay | AM Perez | GH Gallego | MA Laude | JR Saltin



Newborn screening (NBS) is an essential health strategy that enables the early detection and management of congenital disorders that when left untreated may lead to mental retardation and death of the child. Despite the worldwide implementation and acclaimed benefits of NBS programs, there is still a small percentage of parents, or mothers in general, who have different perspectives on accepting the use of NBS programs for their newborns. This research therefore aimed to describe the level of knowledge, attitude, and awareness of new mothers towards NBS in a municipality in Iloilo in terms of age, marital status, educational attainment, and monthly income. A descriptive research design was utilized and twenty-three respondents composed of primigravida mothers aged 18 and above who are patients at the Maternity and Medical Clinic were purposively selected. Results show that the new mothers have an average level of knowledge (M = 3.51, SD = 0.60) about NBS, a very positive attitude (M = 4.45, SD = 0.41) towards NBS and are moderately aware (M = 0.64, SD = 0.07) of the program. These results indicate that despite their average level of knowledge about NBS, these new mothers strongly agree with newborn screening and have a positive attitude towards the program regardless of their sociodemographic factors. Thus, these mothers perceive NBS as beneficial to the well-being of their children and that early diagnosis can prevent disease and enable children to reach their full potential.


1. Albert, J. R. G., Santos, A. G. F., & Vizmanos, J. F. V. (2018). Profile and determinants of the middle-income class in the Philippines (No.2018-20). PIDS Discussion Paper Series.

2. Alfayez, F. M., Alamir, M. A., Alnahwi, H. A., Aleid, D. M., Alsheef, H. J., & Alzakari, M. J. (2018). Maternal awareness and attitude about neonatal screening programs in the eastern region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 70(2), 265-272.

3. Al-Sulaiman, A., Kondkar, A. A., Saeedi, M. Y., Saadallah, A., Al-Odaib, A., & Abu-Amero, K. K. (2015). Assessment of the knowledge and attitudes of Saudi mothers towards newborn screening. BioMed Research International, 2015.

4. Breen, K. (2015). Newborn Screening Education: The Perceived Roles of Healthcare Providers. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. Department of Health. (2020) Newborn screening. Retrieved from

5. Espinosa, L. & Lopez, E.K. (2010). A survey on the knowledge, attitude, and awareness on newborn screening tests among mothers admitted at Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center. Retrieved from

6. Faner, M. R., & Chiong, M. A. D. (2020). Clinical profiles and outcomes of the most common inherited metabolic diseases in the Philippines: A review of the National Institutes of Health–Institute of Human Genetics Metabolic Registry. Acta Medica Philippina, 54(3).

7. Garriga, A. & Berta, P. (2018). Single-Mother Families, Mother’s Educational Level, Children’s School Outcomes. Unequal Family Lives, 143.

8. Ong, B. A. G., Osorio, L. M. B., Ongtauco, M. A.,Orosco, G. P. C., Patrimonio, D. A. D., Perez, A. D., ... & Carnate, J. M. (2022). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Awareness Towards Newborn Screening in Association with Received Prenatal Care: A Survey of Primiparous Postpartum Mothers at the Philippine General Hospital. Acta Medica Philippina, 56(7).

9. Padilla, C. D., Dans, L. F., Estrada, S. C., Tamondong Jr, M. R., Laceste, J. J., & Bernal, R. M. (2003).Cost-benefit analysis of newborn screening for galactosemia in the Philippines. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and PublicHealth, 34, 215-220.

10. Philippines National Demographic and Health Survey 2 017. (2017). Philippine Statistics Authority. Re trieved January 23, 2023, from

11. Tkáčová, H., Pavlíková, M., Maturkanič, P., & Kobylarek, A. (2021). Homogeneity-A mechanism responsible for students' confidence in disinformation in the social media environment. In ICER I2021 Proceedings (pp. 3583-3590). IATED.

12. Quinlivan, J. A., & Suriadi, C. (2006). Attitudes of new mothers towards genetics and newborn screening. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 27(1), 67-72.

13. Rosales, R. A., Sabio, J. B., Arteche, D. L., Escala, J. L. R., & Gonzales, C. J. S. (2015). Expectant mothers and mothers’ awareness on newborn screening in the largest barangay of Catbalogan City, Philippines. International Journal of Nursing Didactics, 5(10), 01-04.

14. Wang, J., & Geng, L. (2019). Effects of socioeconomic status on physical and psychological health: life style as a mediator. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(2), 281